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Johanna Annola: Bad Nursing? Workhouse Nurses in England and Finland, 1855–1914. In: European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics 2 (2020). DOI: 10.25974/enhe2020-2en

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%0 Journal Article
%T Bad Nursing? Workhouse Nurses in England and Finland, 1855–1914
%A Annola, Johanna
%J European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics
%D 2020
%V 2
%N 1
%F annola2020
%X This article discusses workhouse nursing in England and Finland by analysing the ways in which local-level poor law records reflect the contemporary understandings of bad nursing. The article shows that in England, the workhouse system was established long before the emergence of the principles of medical nursing in the 1850s, which is why the evolution of workhouse nursing is long and versatile. In Finland, by contrast, these two developed simultaneously at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which explains the attempts to combine professional nursing with workhouse management from the beginning. Local-level records show that in both countries the definition of ‘good nursing’ and ‘bad nursing’ – in other words the expectations associated with a nurse’s duties and her ethical principles – changed over time as nursing became more medicalised and professionalised. However, the local poor relief agents were often slow to adopt new ideals and practices, and instead tended to stick to their own understandings of nursing. Both in England and Finland pauper nurses remained a common phenomenon well into the twentieth century.
%L 940
%K 19th Century
%K Nursing Ethics
%K Nursing History
%K Poor Relief
%K Social Care Work
%K Workhouse
%R 10.25974/enhe2020-2en
%U http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0009-33-50572
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.25974/enhe2020-2en

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@Article{annola2020,
  author = 	"Annola, Johanna",
  title = 	"Bad Nursing? Workhouse Nurses in England and Finland, 1855--1914",
  journal = 	"European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics",
  year = 	"2020",
  volume = 	"2",
  number = 	"1",
  keywords = 	"19th Century; Nursing Ethics; Nursing History; Poor Relief; Social Care Work; Workhouse",
  abstract = 	"This article discusses workhouse nursing in England and Finland by analysing the ways in which local-level poor law records reflect the contemporary understandings of bad nursing. The article shows that in England, the workhouse system was established long before the emergence of the principles of medical nursing in the 1850s, which is why the evolution of workhouse nursing is long and versatile. In Finland, by contrast, these two developed simultaneously at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which explains the attempts to combine professional nursing with workhouse management from the beginning. Local-level records show that in both countries the definition of `good nursing' and `bad nursing' -- in other words the expectations associated with a nurse's duties and her ethical principles -- changed over time as nursing became more medicalised and professionalised. However, the local poor relief agents were often slow to adopt new ideals and practices, and instead tended to stick to their own understandings of nursing. Both in England and Finland pauper nurses remained a common phenomenon well into the twentieth century.",
  doi = 	"10.25974/enhe2020-2en",
  url = 	"http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0009-33-50572"
}

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RIS

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Annola, Johanna
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020//
TI  - Bad Nursing? Workhouse Nurses in England and Finland, 1855–1914
JO  - European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics
VL  - 2
IS  - 1
KW  - 19th Century
KW  - Nursing Ethics
KW  - Nursing History
KW  - Poor Relief
KW  - Social Care Work
KW  - Workhouse
AB  - This article discusses workhouse nursing in England and Finland by analysing the ways in which local-level poor law records reflect the contemporary understandings of bad nursing. The article shows that in England, the workhouse system was established long before the emergence of the principles of medical nursing in the 1850s, which is why the evolution of workhouse nursing is long and versatile. In Finland, by contrast, these two developed simultaneously at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which explains the attempts to combine professional nursing with workhouse management from the beginning. Local-level records show that in both countries the definition of ‘good nursing’ and ‘bad nursing’ – in other words the expectations associated with a nurse’s duties and her ethical principles – changed over time as nursing became more medicalised and professionalised. However, the local poor relief agents were often slow to adopt new ideals and practices, and instead tended to stick to their own understandings of nursing. Both in England and Finland pauper nurses remained a common phenomenon well into the twentieth century.
UR  - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0009-33-50572
DO  - 10.25974/enhe2020-2en
ID  - annola2020
ER  - 
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Wordbib

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ISI

PT Journal
AU Annola, J
TI Bad Nursing? Workhouse Nurses in England and Finland, 1855–1914
SO European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics
PY 2020
VL 2
IS 1
DI 10.25974/enhe2020-2en
DE 19th Century; Nursing Ethics; Nursing History; Poor Relief; Social Care Work; Workhouse
AB This article discusses workhouse nursing in England and Finland by analysing the ways in which local-level poor law records reflect the contemporary understandings of bad nursing. The article shows that in England, the workhouse system was established long before the emergence of the principles of medical nursing in the 1850s, which is why the evolution of workhouse nursing is long and versatile. In Finland, by contrast, these two developed simultaneously at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which explains the attempts to combine professional nursing with workhouse management from the beginning. Local-level records show that in both countries the definition of ‘good nursing’ and ‘bad nursing’ – in other words the expectations associated with a nurse’s duties and her ethical principles – changed over time as nursing became more medicalised and professionalised. However, the local poor relief agents were often slow to adopt new ideals and practices, and instead tended to stick to their own understandings of nursing. Both in England and Finland pauper nurses remained a common phenomenon well into the twentieth century.
ER

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Mods

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  <titleInfo>
    <title>Bad Nursing? Workhouse Nurses in England and Finland, 1855–1914</title>
  </titleInfo>
  <name type="personal">
    <namePart type="family">Annola</namePart>
    <namePart type="given">Johanna</namePart>
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  <abstract>This article discusses workhouse nursing in England and Finland by analysing the ways in which local-level poor law records reflect the contemporary understandings of bad nursing. The article shows that in England, the workhouse system was established long before the emergence of the principles of medical nursing in the 1850s, which is why the evolution of workhouse nursing is long and versatile. In Finland, by contrast, these two developed simultaneously at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which explains the attempts to combine professional nursing with workhouse management from the beginning. Local-level records show that in both countries the definition of ‘good nursing’ and ‘bad nursing’ – in other words the expectations associated with a nurse’s duties and her ethical principles – changed over time as nursing became more medicalised and professionalised. However, the local poor relief agents were often slow to adopt new ideals and practices, and instead tended to stick to their own understandings of nursing. Both in England and Finland pauper nurses remained a common phenomenon well into the twentieth century.</abstract>
  <subject>
    <topic>19th Century</topic>
    <topic>Nursing Ethics</topic>
    <topic>Nursing History</topic>
    <topic>Poor Relief</topic>
    <topic>Social Care Work</topic>
    <topic>Workhouse</topic>
  </subject>
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  <identifier type="citekey">annola2020</identifier>
</mods>
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European Journal for Nursing
History and Ethics (ENHE)

Official Publication of the
European Association for
the History of Nursing

ISSN 2628-4375
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